Who We Fund

Zimbabwe National Road Administration

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Who we fund

ZINARA uses the road maintenance Funding Policy to manage funds for all road-related projects in Zimbabwe. The main function of ZINARA is to manage the Road Funds and disburse for approved road maintenance works and other activities to Road Authorities or other deserving organisations (Key Implementing Agencies). These include Traffic Safety Council (ZSCZ) and Vehicle Inspection Department (VID).

More General Information

Objectives of the Funding Policy
• To define circumstances in which Road Authorities are eligible for funding
• Define how Road Authorities may access the disbursement
• To ensure equitable allocation of funds to the network to cater for various work categories
• To provide guideline for administration and professional services
• To ensure funds are utilised for intended purpose (Audit)
• To provide a framework for dealing with nonconformities, noncompliance, conflicts and arbitration mechanisms
• To provide framework for capacity building programs and recapitalisation

Eligibility criteria for funding

Every Road Authority is eligible to receive funds from the Road Fund Account provided that it demonstrates fiscal accountability by providing evidence of sound commercial management practices acceptable to ZINARA.

ZINARA will consider for funding only those programmes prepared in accordance with procedures set out in this manual.
ZINARA requires that the annual accounts of Road Authorities be audited in order to continue receiving funds from the Road Fund Account.
ZINARA will consider the following factors in judging the eligibility of a Road Authority to receive funds from the Road Fund Account:

• Presence of a strategic plan within the organisation
• Possession of business plans
• Technical and financial staffing arrangements within the authority
• The type of accounting system used by the authority (Dedicated Road Fund Account is mandatory)
• Commitment to using employment generating methods in road maintenance (Labour Based Technology)
• Existence of resolutions binding the authority to work within the established procedures of ZINARA

Funded Road Authorities

Road Authorities

ZINARA as a road fund manager works with Road Authorities for the development & rehabilitation of the Zimbabwean road network system. ZINARA works with the Road Authorities which include Department of Roads (DOR), District Development Fund (DDF), Rural District Council (RDCs) and Urban Councils (UCs)

General Zimbabwean Road Network by road category.

Length of Network by Road Class

Length(km) Total = 88, 318km

Regional & Primary

4,724km

Secondary

15,886km

Tertiary Feeder

23,393km

Tertiary Access

36,095km

Urban

8,240km

Road Network managed By Road Authority

Department of Roads (DOR)

The Department of Roads which is housed in the Ministry of Transport and Infrastructural Development, constructs, maintains and rehabilitates all state roads or trunk roads. Road Network information. Qualifying works relating to the Department of Roads receives funding from the Road Fund Account as allocated in that financial year.

The Department of Roads will be eligible to receive funds from ZINARA provided:

(a) At the beginning of each financial year for which the funds are made available, it has a substantive Head Roads engineering and Head Finance. If either of these posts is filled on an acting basis, the DOR may still be eligible, provided that the ZINARA Board considers that the incumbents are appropriately qualified and or experienced.
(b) It has technical staff specifically responsible for the planning and implementation of the road maintenance works.
(c) Its accounts are up to date and have been audited. The DOR will also be required to demonstrate that it has made specific budgetary and contractual provisions for carrying out such audits.
(d) It has signed an annual Participation Agreement with ZINARA, in which it accepts the conditions under which funding is made available from the Road Fund Account as prescribed by ZINARA.

District Development Fund (DDF)

The DDF is a department under the Office of the President and Cabinet responsible for the maintenance of all rural roads that fall under their jurisdiction. Mention road network. Qualifying work relating to the District Development Fund receives funding from the Road Fund Account as allocated in that financial year.

The District Development Fund will be eligible to receive funds from ZINARA provided:

(a) At the beginning of each financial year for which the funds are made available, it has a substantive Head Roads Engineering and Head Finance. If either of these posts is filled on an acting basis, the DOR may still be eligible, provided that the ZINARA Board considers that the incumbents are appropriately qualified and or experienced.
(b) It has technical staff specifically responsible for the planning and implementation of the road maintenance works.
(c) Its accounts are up to date and have been audited. The DOR will also be required to demonstrate that it has made specific budgetary and contractual provisions for carrying out such audits.

It has signed an annual Participation Agreement with ZINARA, in which it accepts the conditions under which funding is made available from the Road Fund Account as prescribed by ZINARA

Urban Councils (UCs)


There are 33 Urban Councils whose responsibility, within the area of their jurisdiction, is to construct, maintain and rehabilitate every road in accordance with road program approved by ZINARA

Qualifying work relating to every Urban Council receives funding from the Road Fund Account at as allocated in that financial year.

Every Urban Council is eligible to receive funds from ZINARA provided:

(a) The council demonstrates a satisfactory staffing capacity for managing the preparation and implementation of the road maintenance programme. This should be in the form of a staffing plan, which could include reference to any technical assistance and training support provided under current projects.
(b) The council demonstrates satisfactory organizational and staffing arrangements for maintaining its road network.
(c) Its accounting system conforms to the standard of the Urban Councils accounting system advocated by the Ministry of Local Government and National Housing (MLGNH) and prescribed in the Urban Councils Accounting Handbook.
(d) Its accounts are up to date and have been audited according to the provisions of the Urban Councils Act. Urban Councils will also be required to demonstrate that they have made specific budgetary and contractual provisions for carrying out such audits.
(e) It has signed an annual Participation agreement with ZINARA in which it accepts the conditions under which funding is available from the Road Fund Account as prescribed by ZINARA.

Rural District Council (RDCs)


There are 60 RDCs in the country and these carry out maintenance work in all tertiary roads within their area of jurisdiction.

Qualifying work relating to every Rural District Council receives funding from the road Fund Account as allocated in that financial year.

Every RDC is eligible to receive funds from the ZINARA provided:

(a) At the beginning of each financial year for which the funds are made available, it has a substantive Chief Executive Officer and an Executive officer (Finance), who have been appointed in accordance with the provisions of the 1988 RDC Act. If either of these posts is filled on an acting basis, the RDC may still be eligible, provided that the MLGNH, in consultation with the Provincial Administrator (PA) of the province concerned, considers that the incumbents are appropriately qualified and / or experienced.
(b) It has technical staff specifically responsible for the planning and implementation of the road maintenance works (e.g. one or more road engineers or equivalent as approved by the ZINARA).
(c) Its accounting system conforms to the standard of the RDC accounting system advocated by the MLGNH and prescribed in the RDC Accounting Handbook.
(d) Its accounts are up-to date and have been audited according to the provisions of the RDC Act. RDCs will also be required to demonstrate that they have made specific budgetary and contractual provisions for carrying out such audits.
(e) It has signed an annual Participation Agreement with ZINARA, in which it accepts the conditions under which funding is made available from the Road Fund Account as prescribed by ZINARA.